The aim of this article is to draw attention to the work of a conflict analyst whose theory of ‘protracted social conflict’ – developed in a sustained. A Theory of Protracted Social Conflict. Edward E Azar, one of the forefathers of the conflict resolution field was the first to the describe violent events in the. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict.

Author: Tojagul Dojinn
Country: Bhutan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: History
Published (Last): 6 September 2016
Pages: 98
PDF File Size: 18.80 Mb
ePub File Size: 6.74 Mb
ISBN: 620-3-33444-886-8
Downloads: 88707
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mezilkree

Azar notes, “that it is the relationship between identity groups and the states, which is at the core of the problem. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In the Ceasefire agreement was signed, and the government agreed to disarm all paramilitary groups in the north and east. The effect of this stage is termed resonance, as each side has articulated their core concerns and heard the concerns of the other actors. Identifying the root causes of the Rwanda conflict might provide a baseline for redressing the evils in the country.

This precondition also involves the reliance that many people have on their social groups; because governments in areas that experience protracted social conflict are often unable, incapable or unwilling to provide basic human necessities to the population, individuals turn to their social groups for stability.

The ARIA model is a comprehensive, yet specific approach to resolving protracted social conflict. Azar argued that the denial of basic human needs to a large portion of the population initiated instances of protracted social violence. Metadata Show full item record. By bringing animosities to the forefront, it is hoped that the mutual benefits of ending the conflict can be realized.

Such identity-driven rifts are the result of an underlying fear of extinction that often grows within vulnerable ethnic groups who live with the memories or fear of persecution and massacre. The war, that has continued since then, has almost completely disrupted civil administration in the northern province and protracteed economic devastation of the whole country.

The identity needs of all sides are brought to the forefront with the goal of getting “the disputants to move from positional bargaining to interest-based approaches. All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from April Articles with permanently dead external links Wikipedia introduction cleanup from September All pages needing cleanup Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from September All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify.


They run a parallel government in many portracted of the north and east of Sri Lanka. Numerous peace proposals and plans have been made, but more or less unsuccessful.

The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. The needs of the various parties are, in turn, the underlying causes of the conflict. With the military coup in the situation erupted into a major crisis. Studying protracted conflict leads one to conclude that peace is development in the broadest sense of the term. After parties have articulated their animosities, the protarcted stage is termed the reflexive—reframing stage where the “why” and “who” of the issue is examined.

The incidents escalated proyracted a war in Julyafter the island-wide pogrom against Tamils. With government being “endowed with the authority to govern and use force where necessary to regulate society, to protect citizens, and to provide collective goods,” [8] the government plays a leading role in the satisfaction or lack of satisfaction of minority and identity groups.

Therefore, to be effective, a conflict resolution framework must specifically emphasize the needs and identities of the conflicting parties. Therefore, this research work is a potential significant contribution to the building of meaningful and sustainable peace in Rwanda. Since the start of war there were some attempts to reach a ceasefire.

Tamil secessionists saw the establishment of their own separate state as the only way for securing their people.

Protracted social conflict – Wikipedia

Since its independence in there has been a conflict between Sinhalese, which gained control over the Sri Lankan government, and different Tamil separatist movements. These cleavages are characterized by continuing hostility with sporadic outbreaks of violence; and caused by the frustration of human needs for security, recognition, and distributive justice.

Abstract The complexity of the conflict in Rwanda has called for the application of various theories, suggestions and recommendations to the situation by various scholars and researchers in an attempt for conflict resolution. It attempts to break down “the barrier of identity through a four-phased process.


The pre proposals of different federal or centralist arrangements failed as one or the other side rejected them. In the northern part declared Turkish Federated State of Cyprus, which declared independence in as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprusrecognized only by Turkey. Please discuss this issue on the article’s talk page. Conflict resolution can truly occur and last if satisfactory amelioration of underdevelopment occurs as well.

The fourth and final stage of the ARIA model addresses the “why” and “who” of the conflict, as well as the “how” of cooperation through the tangible “what” of solutions. This stage leads to the tangible resolution of the conflict. Although the Cyprus conflict now lasts for a long time, its resolution does not seem to be close. That led the two communities to embark on a hostile and protracted process of separation and segregation.

Protracted social conflict

Views Read Edit View history. In s the southern Republic of Cyprus applied for a membership in the European Unionand the Turkish Cypriots on the other side turned socisl Turkey. Four preconditions are isolated by Azar as the predominant sources of protracted social conflict: To alleviate the “underdevelopments” Azar holds responsible for protracted social violence, and in turn overcome the conflict resulting from underdevelopment, Vonflict points to the needs of security, development, political access and identity in terms of cultural and religious expression.

Protracted social conflict is a theory developed by Edward Azar. At this point, actors begin to see where their identities converge, and where they diverge. Weaker states, like those often involved in protracted social conflict, tend to be more influenced by outside connections both economically and politically.

Journal of Peace Research 38 3— Conflict resolution approaches that focus on resources, or the interests of parties, may be appropriate means of conflict resolution in conflicts where the only issues are those of resource and interests; however, in protracted social conflicts the main protracter is identity-based.

Protracted social conflict is a technical term in a theory developed by Edward Protraccted. Retrieved from ” https: