Echis ocellatus is a venomous viper species endemic to West Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized. (Source: Wikipedia. Photo: (c) Toby Hibbitts , all. Continent: Africa Distribution: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea. Echis ocellatus ENGLISH African Saw Scaled Viper, Ocellated Carpet Viper, West African Carpet Viper, West African Saw Scaled Viper, GERMAN Augenfleck .

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She was treated by a traditional herbalist for 6 days and had vomited several times after ingesting concoctions. The delay between bite and antivenom administration may have important consequences for managing pregnant patients.

Abubakar2 I. Tetanus toxoid Paracetamol Adrenaline Hydrocortisone Chlorpheniramine. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Gross swelling; haematuria; foetal heart sounds — present. Echis carinatus ocellatus ocellqtus. WilliamsJeff Boundy Accessed 3 August None of our patients had vaginal bleeding, although intra-uterine foetal death without bleeding [confirmed using transvaginal ultrasonography] has been reported Nasu et al.

It is rarely found north of the 15 th parallel, after which E. In West Africa, specific antivenom is effective in managing carpet viper envenoming.

Do not use Tourniquets, cut, suck or scarify the ecjis or apply chemicals or electric shock. She had a 3-day history of gum bleeding, epistaxis and maleana; foetal heart sounds were not heard at presentation. To optimize resources, health facilities should be designated and stocked year-round with the relevant antivenoms to care for victims in high risk areas like the Benue and Niger valleys and the West African savanna.


Echis ocellatus – Wikipedia

Neurotoxic Paralysis Does not occur, based on current clinical evidence. At presentation she was weak and very pale and her left leg was severely swollen to the hip joint. Zur Herpetofaunistik Kameruns II. A checklist of the snake fauna of Guinea, with taxonomic changes in the genera Philothamnus and Dipsadoboa Colubridae and a comparison with the snake fauna of some other West African countries.

It should not be assumed that humankind currently knows all there is to know about any species, even for common species.

Snake venom of Echis ocellatus – Latoxan

The bitten limb must not be exercised as muscular contraction will promote systemic absorption of venom. A review of the literature.

Best viewed in x resolution or higher. Wiping it once with a damp cloth to remove surface venom is unlikely to do much harm or good but the wound must not be massaged.

Snake venom of Echis ocellatus

Previous reports suggested that miscarriage tended to be more common during the first trimester but our cases and several others confirm that it can occur at other times during pregnancy Dunnihoo et al. IRD Editions, Paris, pp. Web pages and scripting Jiri Hosek. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. She achieved restoration of WBCT20 1 day after admission and was transfused with a pint of fresh whole blood, after which she immediately and spontaneously delivered a stillbirth.

West African Carpet Viper

The snakes of Mali. Snake species of the world. National Center for Biotechnology Information Google images. No tourniquet was applied but incisions were made at the bite site. Renal Damage Recognised complication, usually secondary to coagulopathy. Tetanus toxoid Paracetamol Wound debridement.


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Summary The report describes successful management of 10 women in 2nd and 3rd pregnancy trimesters with EchiTab IgG antivenom after carpet viper Echis ocellatus envenoming. The snakes of Niger. General Shape Small in length, cylindrical, robust bodied snake with very short tail. She was bitten on the left foot by a carpet viper 6 days prior to hospitalization while walking to the toilet.

No sedatives outside hospital. We found that excellent exhis can be achieved even in rural hospitals without specialized care and that immediate access and provision of effective ocellatue is paramount in curtailing snakebite maternal morbidity and the double tragedy of maternal and foetal loss, especially as dangerously inappropriate foreign products are commonly being marketed by unscrupulous manufacturers in rural Africa Warrell Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation.

Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, pp. Intrauterine fetal death caused by pit viper venom poisoning in early pregnancy. Habits Terrestrial, nocturnal and crepuscular although sometimes found in low bushes to avoid the heat.

If the offending snake has been killed it should be brought with the patient for identification only relevant in areas where there are more than one naturally occurring venomous ocellatua speciesbut echi careful to avoid touching the head, as even a dead snake can envenom.